Vitiligo is a pigmentation disorder in which melanocytes in the skin – tissues that line the inside of the mouth, nose, the genital areas, the rectal areas (mucous membranes) and the retina of the eyes – are destroyed as a result of which white patches of skin appear on different parts of the body.
The term Vitiligo is probably derived from the latin word Vitilus – meaning calf and was first used by roman physician Celsus of 1st century AD,The characteristics white patches of disease resembled the white patches of a spotted calf in India. Leukoderma is a generic name for relatively or absolutely lightened in colour.
The primary goal is to restore the function of the skin & improve the patient’s appearance. The choice of therapy depends upon the number of patches, the size of patch & on patient’s preference for the treatment.