Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema (the most common form of eczema). Atopic eczema mainly affects children, but it can continue into adulthood or start later in life.
Eczema is a chronic skin condition in which the skin becomes itchy, reddened, cracked and dry. It affects both males and females equally. Atopy is the hereditary predisposition toward developing some hypersensitivity reactions, chronic urticaria, and some types of eczema.
The symptoms of eczema
The skin may be broken in places. Some areas of the skin are cracked. Scratching may also result in areas of thickened skin. The skin usually feels dry. Many areas of skin are itchy, and sometimes raw if scratched a lot.
Itching usually worse at night. Some areas of skin become red and inflamed. Some inflamed areas develop blisters and weep (ooze liquid). The skin will be much more itchy. Itchiness and scratching will make the skin redder, raw and very sensitive. The skin will be much more scaly and drier.
The raised bumps will be more pronounced and may leak fluid. Blisters will appear. The affected areas may be infected with bacteria.
The following may worsen the symptoms of atopic eczema